# Logical Operators in R

Logical operators in R are symbols or words used to perform logical operations on values, expressions, or conditions. These operators are pivotal for making decisions and evaluating expressions that yield either **TRUE or FALSE** results.

The following are the basic logical operators in R:

**==:**This operator tests for equality. For example, 10 == 10 returns TRUE.**!=:**This operator tests for inequality. For example, 10 != 10 returns FALSE.**>:**This operator tests for greater than. For example, 10 > 5 returns TRUE.**<:**This operator tests for less than. For example, 10 < 5 returns FALSE.**>=:**This operator tests for greater than or equal to. For example, 10 >= 5 returns TRUE.**<=:**This operator tests for less than or equal to. For example, 10 <= 10 returns TRUE.

Here's an elaborate explanation with examples:

## AND Operator (& or &&)

The **& operator** computes element-wise logical AND between two vectors, whereas the **&& operator** evaluates the first element of each vector and returns a single result.

## OR Operator (| or ||)

The ** operator** computes element-wise logical OR between two vectors, whereas the operator evaluates the first element of each vector and returns a single result.

## NOT Operator (!)

The ! operator is used to negate logical values.

## Comparison Operators (==, !=, <, >, <=, >=)

Comparison operators are used to compare values and return logical values.

## Combining Operators

Logical operators can be combined to create complex conditions.

### Conclusion

Logical operators are a powerful tool for controlling the flow of execution of your R code. These logical operators are crucial for evaluating conditions, **making decisions,** filtering data, and controlling the flow of your R programs. By understanding and utilizing these operators effectively, you can create dynamic and responsive code that adapts to different scenarios and conditions.

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