TypeScript Operators

In TypeScript, operators are symbols or keywords that perform specific operations on one or more values. These operations can be categorized into various types, including arithmetic, comparison, logical, assignment, bitwise, and more.

Arithmetic Operators

Arithmetic operators are used to perform mathematical operations on numeric values. Common arithmetic operators include addition (+), subtraction (-), multiplication (*), division (/), and modulus (%). Additionally, there are increment (++) and decrement (--) operators to increase or decrease the value of a variable by 1.

Comparison Operators

Comparison operators are used to compare values and return a Boolean result. They include equality (== and === for loose and strict equality, respectively), inequality (!= and !==), greater than (>), less than (<), greater than or equal to (>=), and less than or equal to (<=). The strict equality (===) operator checks both value and type, while the loose equality (==) performs type coercion if needed.

Logical Operators

Logical operators operate on Boolean values and are used to combine or manipulate logical expressions. The logical AND (&&) returns true if both operands are true, the logical OR (||) returns true if at least one operand is true, and the logical NOT (!) negates a Boolean value. These operators are essential for constructing conditional statements and controlling program flow based on certain conditions.

Assignment Operators

Assignment operators are used to assign values to variables. The basic assignment operator is =. Compound assignment operators combine an operation with assignment, such as +=, -=, *=, and /=. They perform the specified operation and then assign the result to the variable.

Bitwise Operators

Bitwise operators perform operations at the binary level on the individual bits of numeric values. These include bitwise AND (&), bitwise OR (), bitwise XOR (^), bitwise NOT (~), left shift (<<), and right shift (>>). Bitwise operators are less commonly used but can be useful in specific scenarios, such as low-level data manipulation.

Understanding and effectively using operators in TypeScript is crucial for writing expressive and functional code. Operators not only facilitate numerical and logical operations but also play a vital role in constructing conditional statements, loops, and various programming constructs. Being familiar with the different types of operators and their behaviors is essential for efficient and accurate TypeScript programming.