Data types in TypeScript

TypeScript, a superset of JavaScript, introduces a robust type system to enhance code quality and catch potential errors during development. The basic data types in TypeScript include primitives like number, string, and boolean. The number type covers both integers and floating-point numbers, offering support for various numeric operations. Strings represent textual data, and TypeScript supports features like template literals and string manipulation. The boolean type denotes true/false values, essential for logical operations and conditional statements.

Advanced Data Types

Additionally, TypeScript introduces more advanced data types such as arrays and tuples. Arrays allow the grouping of elements of the same type, providing a structured way to work with lists of data. TypeScript supports type annotations for arrays, ensuring consistency within the array. Tuples, on the other hand, are arrays with a fixed number of elements, each with a specific type. This adds a layer of predictability to data structures, enhancing code clarity and reducing potential runtime errors.

Furthermore, TypeScript includes the any and void types for flexibility and explicit absence of value, respectively. The any type allows variables to hold values of any type, providing a way to opt out of static typing in certain situations. However, it comes at the cost of losing type safety. The void type is commonly used for functions that do not return a value. These basic data types, combined with TypeScript's static typing, empower developers to write more reliable and maintainable code.