Internet Vs. Intranet

Internet and intranet are two distinct terms that are sometimes mistakenly used interchangeably by individuals. Although they might seem similar at first glance, they exhibit fundamental dissimilarities. In essence, the Internet functions as an expansive and openly accessible public domain, whereas an intranet is intentionally designed to operate as a private space. While an intranet can be accessed from the Internet, it is fortified with password protection, ensuring that only authorized users can gain entry and access its contents.

What is Internet?

The Internet is a massive global network of interconnected computers and servers that spans the entire globe. It is a public network, accessible to anyone with an internet connection, and allows users to access a vast array of resources, services, and information from virtually anywhere in the world. The Internet operates on a standardized set of protocols, including TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol), which enables seamless communication and data transfer across different devices and platforms.

Key Characteristics of the Internet:
  1. Global Accessibility: The Internet is accessible to users worldwide, allowing them to connect and communicate with each other regardless of geographical locations.
  2. Vast Information Repository: The Internet hosts an immense amount of data, including websites, documents, images, videos, and more, providing users with a wealth of information on various topics.
  3. Public Nature: As a public network, the Internet is open to everyone, and users can interact with websites, online services, and other users without restrictions.
  4. Diverse Services: The Internet offers an extensive range of services, including email, social media, online shopping, video streaming, online gaming, and cloud-based applications.
  5. Web Browsing: The primary means of accessing information on the Internet is through web browsers, which interpret and display web pages.

What is Intranet?

An intranet is a private network within an organization or company that operates similarly to the Internet but is confined to internal users only. It serves as a secure and controlled environment, allowing employees to collaborate, share information, and access specific company resources. Intranets are usually built using the same technologies as the Internet, such as TCP/IP, but with additional security measures to protect sensitive company data.

Key Characteristics of an Intranet:
  1. Private Access: Unlike the Internet, an intranet is restricted to authorized users within the organization. Users need proper authentication to access the intranet's resources.
  2. Enhanced Security: Intranets are designed with robust security features, such as firewalls, encryption, and access controls, to safeguard sensitive company data from unauthorized access.
  3. Internal Communication and Collaboration: An intranet facilitates seamless communication and collaboration among employees, allowing them to share documents, participate in discussions, and access internal systems and databases.
  4. Company-specific Applications: Intranets often host custom-built applications tailored to the organization's needs, such as HR portals, project management tools, and knowledge repositories.
  5. Efficient Information Sharing: Intranets streamline information sharing within the organization, ensuring employees have access to the latest updates, policies, and procedures.
  6. Private Content: Content on an intranet may include confidential documents, proprietary data, and internal memos, which are not accessible to the public.


The Internet is a vast, open, and global network accessible to the public, offering a plethora of resources and services. On the other hand, an intranet is a private, secure network confined to a specific organization, facilitating internal communication, collaboration, and efficient information sharing among authorized employees.