Hardware Vs. Software
Hardware and software are integral components of a computer system, and their interdependence is crucial for the system's functionality. Hardware refers to the physical devices within a computer that are capable of executing tasks based on software instructions. On the other hand, software represents a collection of instructions provided to the computer or hardware to carry out specific tasks. In analogy, hardware can be likened to the tangible brain, while software embodies intangible elements like feelings, emotions, and thinking. Hardware is the physical aspect, while software encompasses the logical aspect of computing. Without software, hardware remains inert, lacking the instructions needed to function, and without hardware, software exists solely as abstract instructions without any means of execution. Together, hardware and software form the cohesive foundation for the operation and functionality of a computer system.
Hardware encompasses the physical components of a computer system, comprising a collection of electronic equipment assembled to function as a unified entity. Often referred to as the machinery or equipment of the computer, hardware directs the flow of electricity in a desired manner. It includes tangible elements and physical devices necessary for storing and executing software. From the keyboard to the monitor, mouse, and central processing unit, various components such as input devices, output devices, and the main processing unit constitute the hardware of a computer. Additionally, hardware extends beyond traditional computers to encompass a wide array of devices, like smartphones, which all rely on physical components to operate effectively.
The term "software" was introduced in 1953 by Paul Niquette and first appeared in print in 1958 by John Tukey. Software refers to a collection of instructions provided to a computer or other hardware to carry out specific tasks. Often known as programs or apps, software encompasses all the instructions that guide the hardware in performing designated functions. These instructions are formulated by software programmers in a format that is compatible with the specific computer's operating system and central processing unit (CPU). The software serves as a bridge between the user and the hardware, enabling the computer to execute a wide range of tasks based on the programmed instructions.
Difference between hardware and software
- Hardware is the physical parts of the computer while software is a set of instructions given to the computer.
- You can touch, see and feel hardware while you cannot touch and feel software.
- Hardware is constructed using physical materials or components while software is developed by writing instructions in computer programming languages.
- If hardware is damaged, it is replaced with new one while software is damaged or corrupted, its backup copy can be reinstalled.
- Hardware cannot be transferred from one place to another electronically through network while software can be transferred from one lace to another electronically through network.
- End user cannot make new duplicate copies of the hardware while end user can make many new duplicate copies of the software