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Uncaught TypeError: Cannot set property

In JavaScript almost everything is an object, null and undefined are exception. When you try to access an undefined variable it always returns undefined and we cannot get or set any property of undefined. In that case, an application will throw Uncaught TypeError cannot set property of undefined .


Javascript Cannot set property

example 1

output

In JavaScript if a variable has been declared, but has not been assigned a value, is automatically assigned the value undefined . Therefore, if you try to access the value of such variable, it will throw Uncaught TypeError cannot set property of undefined .

example 2

output

The null is a special assignment value, which can be assigned to a variable as a representation of no value . If you try to access the value of such variable, it will throw Uncaught TypeError cannot set property of undefined .


Javascript undefined and null

How to fix Uncaught TypeError: Cannot set property

In the above cases, you are missing the array initialization . So, you need to initialize the array first.

After adding this line your code should work properly.

How can I determine if a variable is 'undefined' or 'null'?

In simple words you can say a null value means no value or absence of a value, and undefined means a variable that has been declared but no yet assigned a value. JavaScript null and undefined is one of the main reasons to produce a runtime errors . This happens because you don't check the value of unknown return variables before using it. If you are not sure a variable that will always have some value, the best practice is to check the value of variables for null or undefined before using them. If you just want to check whether there's any value, you can do:

will evaluate to true if value is not:

  1. null
  2. undefined
  3. NaN
  4. empty string ("")
  5. 0
  6. false

The above list represents all possible falsy values in ECMA-/Javascript .

If you do not know whether a variable exists (that means, if it was declared) you should check with the typeof operator . For instance:

ECMAScript 5 and ECMAScript 6


Javascript ES5 and ES6

In newer JavaScript standards like ES5 and ES6 you can just say

  1. Boolean(0) //false
  2. Boolean(null) //false
  3. Boolean(undefined) //false

Here you can see all return false . So if you want to write conditional logic around a variable, just say

Here null or empty string or undefined will be handled efficiently.










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