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How to use Split in Python

The split() method in Python returns a list of the words in the string/line , separated by the delimiter string. This method will return one or more new strings. All substrings are returned in the list datatype.

Syntax :

string.split(separator, max)

separator : The is a delimiter. The string splits at this specified separator. If is not provided then any white space is a separator.

max : It is a number, which tells us to split the string into maximum of provided number of times. If it is not provided then there is no limit.

Return: The split() breaks the string at the separator and returns a list of strings.

If no separator is defined when you call upon the function, whitespace will be used by default. In simpler terms, the separator is a defined character that will be placed between each variable. The behavior of split on an empty string depends on the value of sep. If sep is not specified, or specified as None, the result will be an empty list. If sep is specified as any string, the result will be a list containing one element which is an empty string .

Splitting String by space

The split() method in Python without an argument splits on whitespace.



Splitting on first occurrence

In the following example, it will Split by first 2 whitespace only.



Splitting lines from a text file in Python

The following Python program reading a text file and splitting it into single words in python


Splitting String by newline(\n)


Splitting String by tab(\t)


Splitting String by comma(,)


Split string with multiple delimiters

In this case Python uses Regular Expression.



Split a string into a list

The following Python program split a string to a List.



maxsplit parameter

Split the string into a list with max 2 items

numbers = "one two three four five six" result = numbers.split(" ",2) print (result)


['one', 'two', 'three four five six']

In the above program maxsplit is 2, the first two string are split and rest of them are in a same string.

Split a string into array of characters

characters = "abcdef" result = list(characters) print (result)


['a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e', 'f']

Looking for a Python job ?

Chances are you will need to prove that you know how to work with Python. These Python Interview Questions have been designed especially to get you acquainted with the nature of questions you may encounter during your interview for the subject of Python Programming . Here are the top objective type sample Python Interview questions and their answers are given just below to them. These sample questions are framed by our experts team who trains for Python training to give you an idea of type of questions which may be asked in interview.

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