Throw Statement - C#

Exceptions are specialized objects that encapsulate irregular circumstances, such as instances when an application encounters out-of-memory conditions, fails to open a file, or encounters illegal type casting attempts. These descriptive exception objects are generated and subsequently raised using the "throw" keyword. Employing a "throw" statement within a catch block allows for the alteration of the resulting exception.

Throwing and Catching Exceptions

It is essential to exercise caution in throwing exceptions, reserving their use solely for unexpected or invalid occurrences that impede a method from executing its regular functionality. With the "throw" keyword, any type of Throwable object can be thrown, causing an interruption in the method's execution flow. Subsequent code beyond the throw statement will not be executed unless the thrown exception is appropriately handled.

static void Main(string[] args) { //If there is no parameter found.. if (args.Length == 0) { throw new ArgumentException("No parameter found"); } }
Private Shared Sub Main(args As String()) 'If there is no parameter found.. If args.Length = 0 Then Throw New ArgumentException("No parameter found") End If End Sub

Catch and throw Exception

Exception - C# , VB.Net ,

You can re-throw a caught exception using the "throw" statement in C#. This practice allows for the propagation of the same exception to an upper-level catch block or calling method, providing more comprehensive error information during debugging and enhancing the overall robustness of the codebase.

Throwing Exceptions - C# , VB.Net ,

When re-throwing an exception, it is considered good programming practice to augment the exception with additional information. This could involve appending custom error messages, stack traces, or any other relevant data that aids in identifying the root cause of the exception. By enriching the exception with pertinent details, developers and maintainers can gain valuable insights into the error's origin, facilitating effective troubleshooting and resolution of issues.

try { int zero = 0; int val = 100 / zero; val = val + 1; } catch (DivideByZeroException ex) { throw new DivideByZeroException("Plz dont try to divide by zero !!", ex); }
Try Dim zero As Integer = 0 Dim val As Integer = 100 \ zero val = val + 1 Catch ex As DivideByZeroException Throw New DivideByZeroException("Plz dont try to divide by zero !!", ex) End Try

throw; and throw ex;

Catch and throw Exception - C# , VB.Net ,

Exceptions indeed have a property called StackTrace, which holds information about the methods on the current call stack, including the file name and line number where the exception was thrown for each method. This property provides valuable debugging information that helps developers understand the sequence of method calls leading to the exception.

When an exception is thrown and caught, the stack trace can be preserved using the "throw" statement alone. This means that you can re-throw the caught exception without losing the original stack trace. By re-throwing the exception in this manner, you ensure that the original exception information, including the call stack, is retained, allowing for better debugging and error analysis.

try { //Your code here } catch (Exception ex) { throw; }


throw ex;

When you use "throw ex" to re-throw an exception in .NET, the original stack trace is indeed lost, and the exception's stack trace starts from the point of the re-throw. This can lead to challenges in debugging applications as the original context of the exception is lost.

To maintain the original stack trace while re-throwing an exception, it is essential to use "throw;" without specifying the exception object. This allows the original exception to propagate up the call stack with its complete stack trace intact, ensuring better traceability and debugging capabilities.


By using "throw;" instead of "throw ex;", you ensure that the original exception's stack trace remains intact, making it considerably easier to debug the application and obtain appropriate trace messages.