Pandas CParserError: Error tokenizing data
The Pandas CParserError is an error that occurs when there are issues with parsing or tokenizing data while reading a file or a string using Pandas. It usually arises when the data is not in the expected format, such as having inconsistent delimiters, unexpected characters, or missing values, which makes it difficult for Pandas to process the data correctly.
Reading CSV File with Incorrect Delimiter
In this example, we try to read a CSV file 'data.csv', but the actual delimiter in the file is different from the default comma (,). As a result, Pandas will raise a CParserError because it cannot tokenize the data properly using the incorrect delimiter.
Reading CSV File with Missing Values
In this example, the CSV file 'data.csv' contains missing values (e.g., ,,) in some rows or columns. This can lead to a CParserError because Pandas expects data to be consistently structured, and the missing values disrupt the proper tokenization.To handle CParserError, consider the following steps:
- Check the data source (file or string) being read and ensure that it adheres to the expected format, such as having consistent delimiters and valid characters.
- If you suspect that the data may have issues, you can try opening the file in a text editor to inspect its contents and look for any irregularities.
- Use the appropriate arguments in the Pandas read_csv() function (or the corresponding function for reading other formats) to specify custom delimiters or handle missing values (e.g., using the delimiter and na_values parameters, respectively).
- If the data is too complex to be handled by Pandas directly, consider preprocessing the data externally to ensure it is in the expected format before attempting to read it with Pandas.
Fix it manually
The Error tokenizing data may arise when you're using separator (for eg. comma ',') as a delimiter and you have more separator than expected (more fields in the error row than defined in the header). So you need to either remove the additional field or remove the extra separator if it's there by mistake. The better solution is to investigate the offending file and to fix it manually so you don't need to skip the error lines.
In some cases, the pandas.parser.CParserError generated when reading a file written by pandas.to_csv(), it might be because there is a carriage return ('\r') in a column names, in which case to_csv() will actually write the subsequent column names into the first column of the data frame, it will cause a difference between the number of columns in the first X rows. This difference is one cause of the CParserError .
Sometimes the parser is getting confused by the column header of the file. Parser reads the first row and infers the number of columns from that row. Actually the first row(column headers) is not representative of the actual data in the file (for eg. more columns in the error row than defined in the header). In that cases, you can use skiprows . The skiprows parameter skip the first n number of rows .
** skiprows=1 will skip first line and try to read from second line.
Handling CParserError requires careful examination of the data source and, if needed, data preprocessing to ensure smooth and accurate data parsing using Pandas.