DataFrame Aggregation and Grouping

The Pandas aggregate() function serves as a formidable tool within the Pandas library, orchestrating the application of essential aggregation operations across one or more columns of a DataFrame. This robust function exemplifies the core principle of data analysis, enabling data scientists and analysts to derive meaningful insights from their datasets by condensing vast amounts of information into concise and informative summaries.

df.aggregate(['sum', 'min'])

Above statement will apply aggregation across all the columns in a DataFrame and calculate sum and min will be found for each numeric type column.

Lets create a DataFrame..

import pandas as pd import numpy as np df = pd.DataFrame() df['Name'] = ['John', 'Doe', 'Bill','Jim','Harry','Ben'] df['Age'] = [14, 12, 14,11,12,14] df['Category'] = ['A', 'E', 'B','E','C','D'] df['Height'] = [145, 152,167,136,149,161] df['Weight'] = [34, 54,38,39,44,51] df
Name Age Category Height Weight 0 John 14 A 145 34 1 Doe 12 E 152 54 2 Bill 14 B 167 38 3 Jim 11 E 136 39 4 Harry 12 C 149 44 5 Ben 14 D 161 51

With the aggregate() function, users can use a diverse array of aggregate operations, including but not limited to sum, mean, median, minimum, maximum, standard deviation, and custom user-defined functions. This broad spectrum of aggregation choices empowers data professionals to tailor their analyses to suit the specific characteristics and requirements of their datasets, facilitating a deeper understanding of the underlying trends and patterns.

The following operation will apply aggregation across all the columns in a DataFrame and calculate minimum and maximum will be found for each numeric type column.

df.aggregate(['min', 'max'])
Name Age Category Height Weight min Ben 11 A 136 34 max John 14 E 167 54

DataFrame aggregation across different columns

df.aggregate({"Age":['min', 'max'], "Height":['mean', 'max'], "Weight":['mean', 'min']})
Age Height Weight max 14.0 167.000000 NaN mean NaN 151.666667 43.333333 min 11.0 NaN 34.000000

The ability to apply aggregation across multiple columns offers a tremendous advantage, enabling comprehensive examinations of relationships and interactions within the dataset. This functionality elevates the scope and depth of data analysis, allowing for multi-dimensional explorations that reveal intricate connections and dependencies, which may otherwise remain obscured.

Aggregation with groupby

df.groupby('Age').agg({"Height": "sum"})
Height Age 11 136 12 301 14 473

For multiple functions applied for one column use a list of tuples - names of new columns and aggregated functions:

Average Total Age 11 136.000000 136 12 150.500000 301 14 157.666667 473

If you want to pass multiple functions is possible pass list of tuples.

df.groupby(['Age', 'Category']).agg([('Average','mean'),('Total','sum')])
Height Weight Average Total Average Total Age Category 11 E 136 136 39 39 12 C 149 149 44 44 E 152 152 54 54 14 A 145 145 34 34 B 167 167 38 38 D 161 161 51 51

The aggregate() function operates with remarkable efficiency and precision, enabling analysts to process large datasets with minimal computational overhead. By utilizing the power of vectorized computations and optimized algorithms, Pandas ensures that data aggregation tasks are performed swiftly, allowing professionals to focus on the core aspects of their analyses without being encumbered by performance bottlenecks. Instead of an aggregation function it is possible to pass list, tuple, set for converting column.

Age Category 0 11 [E] 1 12 [E, C] 2 14 [A, B, D]

For converting to strings with separator use .join only if string column.

Age Category 0 11 E 1 12 E,C 2 14 A,B,D

the aggregate() function seamlessly integrates with other Pandas functionalities, such as grouping operations using groupby(), enabling data professionals to build complex data pipelines and perform sophisticated data transformations with ease. This seamless interoperability enhances the overall efficiency and fluidity of the data analysis process, promoting a cohesive and streamlined workflow.

Some common aggregating functions are tabulated below:

Function Description
mean() Compute mean of groups
sum() Compute sum of group values
size() Compute group sizes
count() Compute count of group
std() Standard deviation of groups
first() Compute first of group values
last() Compute last of group values
min() Compute min of group values
max() Compute max of group values


The Pandas aggregate() function stands as a quintessential asset for data aggregation in the scope of data analysis. Its versatility, efficiency, and seamless integration with other Pandas tools empower data professionals to derive actionable insights, make informed decisions, and unravel the hidden intricacies of their datasets. As a foundational element in the data analysis toolkit, the aggregate() function remains an indispensable resource for extracting valuable knowledge from data and driving data-driven solutions with unparalleled precision.