Python Date and Time

Python gives the developer several tools for working with date and time . The standard libraries contains the modules such as:

  1. datetime: The "datetime" module is crafted using object-oriented programming principles to facilitate date and time manipulation in Python. This module introduces a variety of classes dedicated to the representation of date and time values.
  2. time: The "time" module is exclusively composed of functions and constants linked to date and time operations. This module encompasses various classes, coded in C/C++, that pertain to date and time, such as the "struct_time" class.
  3. calendar: The "calendar" module offers functions and multiple classes centered around calendar functionality. These components facilitate the generation of textual and HTML representations of calendars.

Here's an overview of some key aspects along with examples:

Date and Time Basics

You can create instances of the datetime class to represent specific dates and times.

from datetime import datetime # Current date and time current_datetime = print("Current datetime:", current_datetime) # Specific date and time specific_datetime = datetime(2023, 8, 15, 12, 30) print("Specific datetime:", specific_datetime)

Date Arithmetic

You can perform arithmetic operations on dates and times.

from datetime import timedelta # Adding and subtracting days future_date = + timedelta(days=7) print("Future date:", future_date) # Difference between two dates delta = future_date - current_datetime print("Time difference:", delta)

Formatting and Parsing

You can format dates and times as strings and vice versa.

formatted_date = current_datetime.strftime("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S") print("Formatted date:", formatted_date) parsed_date = datetime.strptime("2023-08-15 12:30:00", "%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S") print("Parsed date:", parsed_date)

Working with Time Zones

The pytz library can be used for working with time zones.

import pytz from datetime import datetime tz_ny = pytz.timezone('America/New_York') ny_time = print("New York time:", ny_time)

calendar object

Python has a built-in function, calendar to work with date related tasks. It defines the Calendar class , which encapsulates calculations for values such as the dates of the weeks in a given month or year.

import calendar year = 2010 month = 10 print(calendar.month(year, month))
October 2010 Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31


Python's datetime module empowers users to seamlessly handle date and time-related operations. Through its classes and functions, it facilitates tasks like representing specific dates, performing arithmetic with dates and times, formatting and parsing, and accommodating various time zone needs. This module streamlines intricate temporal operations, enhancing programming efficiency in managing date and time aspects.