TypeError: 'NoneType' object is not subscriptable

The encountered error is quite evident and self-explanatory in nature. It appears that you are attempting to perform a subscript operation on an object that you believe to be a list or dictionary; however, upon closer inspection, it turns out that the said object is, in fact, of None type. This situation is commonly referred to as a "NoneType" error, which arises when attempting to access elements within a non-existent or uninitialized object.

Incorrect code that raises the error

my_list = None print(my_list[0])

In this example, we assigned the value of None to the variable my_list, which is of type 'NoneType'. When we attempt to access the element at index 0 using square brackets (my_list[0]), it raises a TypeError because the 'NoneType' object (None) does not support subscripting.

Function that returns None

def find_element(my_list, target): for i, item in enumerate(my_list): if item == target: return i result = find_element([1, 2, 3, 4, 5], 3) print(result[0])

In this example, we define a function find_element that searches for a target element in a list. If the target element is found, it returns the index where it's located; otherwise, it returns None implicitly. When we call the function and store the result in result, it will be None if the target element is not found. However, when we attempt to access the first element of result using indexing (result[0]), it raises the same TypeError because result is of type 'NoneType' and cannot be subscripted.

To avoid this error, you should ensure that the variable you are trying to access using indexing is not None. You can do this by adding appropriate checks or validations before performing the subscripting operation. For example:

result = find_element([1, 2, 3, 4, 5], 3) if result is not None: print(result[0]) else: print("Element not found.")

By adding this check, you can prevent the TypeError and handle the case when the target element is not found in the list.

Here are some other examples of how the TypeError: 'NoneType' object is not subscriptable error can occur:

# Trying to access a list index of a None value list = [1, 2, 3] list[None]
# Trying to access a dictionary key of a None value dict = {"key1": "value1", "key2": "value2"} dict[None]
# Trying to access a tuple index of a None value tuple = (1, 2, 3) tuple[None]

In all of these examples, the TypeError: 'NoneType' object is not subscriptable error will occur because the NoneType data type cannot be subscriptable.


The error message "TypeError: 'NoneType' object is not subscriptable" indicates that an attempt was made to access elements of an object of type 'NoneType' using indexing (square brackets), which is not allowed. NoneType objects represent a lack of value, and they do not support subscripting operations like lists or dictionaries do. To resolve this error, it is essential to ensure that the object is valid and not None before attempting to access its elements.