Runtime vs Compile time
Runtime and compile time are two distinct phases in the life cycle of a computer program. They refer to different stages of program execution and error detection:
Compile time refers to the phase when the source code of a program is translated into machine-readable code by a compiler. During this phase, the compiler checks the syntax, semantics, and structure of the code for errors. If any errors are detected, the compiler generates error messages that indicate the issues in the code. Compile time is primarily concerned with preparing the code for execution and generating an intermediate representation or executable file.
Runtime, also known as execution time, refers to the period when the compiled code is run by the computer's processor. The program is loaded into memory, and the processor executes the instructions sequentially. During runtime, the program interacts with system resources, user inputs, and external data sources. Any errors that occur during runtime are referred to as runtime errors or exceptions. These errors could include division by zero, accessing an invalid memory location, or encountering unexpected input.
In summary, the key differences between runtime and compile time are:
- Compile time is the phase of preparing the code for execution by translating it into machine-readable code, while runtime is the phase of actual execution.
- Compile time focuses on checking syntax, semantics, and structure for errors, whereas runtime involves executing instructions, interacting with resources, and processing data.
- Compile time errors are caught by the compiler and reported before execution, while runtime errors occur during program execution and can lead to program crashes or unexpected behavior.
Runtime and compile time are distinct phases in a program's life cycle. Compile time involves translating source code into machine-readable code while checking for errors, while runtime is the phase of actual execution where the compiled code is run, interacting with resources and data. Compile time errors are caught by the compiler, while runtime errors occur during execution and can lead to program crashes or unexpected behavior.