Inheritance and Overriding methods

Inheritance and overriding methods are closely related concepts in object-oriented programming. Inheritance allows a subclass to inherit attributes and methods from a superclass, while overriding methods enables the subclass to provide its own implementation for methods that are already defined in the superclass.


  1. Inheritance is the process of creating a new class (subclass) based on an existing class (superclass).
  2. The subclass automatically inherits all the attributes and methods of the superclass.
  3. Inheritance creates an "is-a" relationship between the superclass and the subclass, implying that the subclass is a specialized version of the superclass.

Overriding Methods

  1. Method overriding allows the subclass to provide its own implementation for a method that is already defined in the superclass.
  2. When a method is called on an instance of the subclass, the overridden method in the subclass is executed, replacing the implementation from the superclass.
class Animal: def make_sound(self): print("Generic animal sound") class Dog(Animal): def make_sound(self): print("Woof!") class Cat(Animal): def make_sound(self): print("Meow!") dog = Dog() cat = Cat() dog.make_sound() # Output: Woof! cat.make_sound() # Output: Meow!
In this example:
  1. The Animal class defines a method make_sound().
  2. Both Dog and Cat subclasses inherit the make_sound() method from Animal.
  3. The subclasses override the make_sound() method with their own implementations.

The relationship between inheritance and overriding methods allows you to customize the behavior of methods in the subclass while reusing the general structure and attributes from the superclass. This promotes code reuse and organization by providing a way to create specialized versions of existing functionality.

When using inheritance and overriding methods, keep in mind that:

  1. Method overriding only affects the subclass's version of the method; the superclass's version remains unchanged.
  2. The overridden method in the subclass should have the same name, parameters, and return type as the method in the superclass.


Inheritance enables the subclass to inherit methods from the superclass, and overriding methods allows the subclass to provide its own implementations for those inherited methods. This combination of concepts allows you to create a hierarchy of classes with shared functionality and specialized behavior.