Packages In Java

A package is a way to organize and group related classes, interfaces, and sub-packages together. It provides a mechanism for creating a hierarchical structure to organize code and prevent naming conflicts.

Java package is a directory-like structure that helps in organizing the source code files. It is represented by a package statement at the beginning of the source file, which declares the package to which the file belongs.


Packages help in modularizing the codebase, improving code reusability, and providing encapsulation. They also enable better code maintenance and organization, making it easier to locate and manage classes and resources. By using packages, developers can categorize their code into logical units, making it more manageable and understandable.

package Cars; public class Ford { public void cName () { System.out.println ("Ford Figo"); } }

Naming Convention

Packages in Java follow a naming convention that usually starts with the reverse domain name of the organization or developer, followed by additional sub-packages. For example, the package name "com.example.project" signifies that the classes within that package belong to the "project" sub-package of the "example" package, which in turn belongs to the "com" top-level package.

How to compile java package

javac -d directory javafilename
javac -d .

The -d switch specifies the destination where to put the generated class file. If you want to keep the package within the same directory, you can use . (dot).


Packages play a crucial role in Java programming by providing a structure for organizing and managing code, facilitating code reuse, and promoting modular development practices.